The artist often satirizes industrial society’s overproduction of materials by using those very materials, such as machinery and metal, usually very large in scale too, conveniently. Robert Rauschenberg is among the most prominent figures in American printmaking, producing over 800 published editions during his artistic career. Although the very first examples of assemblage art come from the oeuvre of one Pablo Picasso circa 1912-1914, and of course in form of Marcel Duchamp’s readymades, the word in relation to arts wasn’t introduced until the early 1950s, when one of the first “official” assemblage artists, Jean Dubuffet, created a series of collages of butterfly wings. (III) Robert Rauschenberg • 1951 Should Love Come First Robert Rauschenberg • 1951 Further Reading on Robert Rauschenberg. The show helped establish assemblages as a proper art form by putting on display the works of many great names that you will also find on this list. These works are often quite disquieting, as they include pieces of mannequins, dolls and an array of eerie found objects. He was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 1993. See more ideas about Robert rauschenberg, Pop art, Pop art movement. Modern & Contemporary Art Resource. During his long career, the American painter, sculptor, printmaker, designer, photographer, composer and experimental artist Robert Rauschenberg drew heavily on early 20th century modern artforms such as "found" objects (objets trouvés), collage and assemblage - pioneered by Picasso, Georges Braque, Kurt Schwitters and others - as well as conceptualist techniques initiated by Marcel Duchamp and Dada, … Combines and assemblages are like collage but are three dimensional with found objects projecting out from the base. Robert Rauschenberg, Estate, 1963, olieverf en zeefdrukinkt op doek, 240 x 178 cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art Rauschenberg groeide op in de plaats Port Arthur in … To create his ambitious collage-like prints, Rauschenberg invented entirely new printmaking techniques, such as one that combined lithography with silkscreen, in collaboration with the master printmaker Kenneth Tyler. He is probably best known for his “shadow boxes”, artworks made from found materials like photographs, seashells, toys, marbles and other Victorian bric-a-brac he would get from souvenir shops or trash heaps, all of which is usually fronted with a glass pane. Although she is working primarily in installation and sculpture, Isa Genzken is also known for her assemblages, for which she also uses a variety of materials and other media, including photography and collage. The contributors raise questions about Cornell’s artistic processes while drawing parallels with historical modes of inquiry such as connoisseurship, exploration, and classification. Rauschenberg married Susan Weil in the summer of 1950 at the Weil family home in Outer Island, Connecticut. Robert Rauschenberg was born Milton Ernest Rauschenberg in the small refinery town of Port Arthur, Texas. A fully-illustrated catalogue, with an essay by John Yau, accompanies the exhibition. From 1949 to 1952 Rauschenberg studied with Vaclav Vytlacil and Morris Kantor at the Art Students League of New York, where he met fellow artists Knox Martin and Cy Twombly. Maurice Allemand, Cinquante ans de "collages" : papiers colles, assemblages, collages, du cubisme a nos jours, Saint-Etienne, 1964, (illus.). And so, the artist often burned, sliced and smashed his own assemblage art and objects, bronze statues and musical instruments, only to mount them on a canvas later, most notably in his Coupes and Colères works. Kurt Schwitters, Joseph Cornell, Robert Rauschenberg, and Dave McKean. Robert Rauschenberg was born Milton Ernest Rauschenberg in the small refinery town of Port Arthur, Texas. Rauschenberg died on May 12, 2008, on Captiva Island, Florida. The “Poubelles”, however, were collections of common and identical objects arranged within polyester castings or Plexiglas cases. • Robert Rauschenberg, Untitled (Scatole Personali), 1952, Assemblage: lidded wood box with painted interior, with painted fabric, thorns and snail shells, collection of Jasper Johns He studied painting at the Kansas City Art Institute in … Be sure to check out works by Robert Rauschenberg on our marketplace. His father was of German and Cherokee ancestry and his mother of Anglo-Saxon descent. As such, they help create extraordinary reliefs, providing an insight into her own personal and physical history. The 1970s also marked a return to assemblage as Rauschenberg embarked on the Spreads (1975-82) and Scales series (1977-81). From his bold monochromatic canvases to his later silk-screened combines, the self-proclaimed painter-sculptor spent six tumultuous decades in constant conversation with art history and contemporary culture. His aesthetic strategy, embracing screenprint on canvas, assemblage, set design, and performance, is based on collage and juxtaposes objects and images from the everyday world to elicit their effects on each other and to stimulate an almost poetic response in the viewer. Robert Rauschenberg: North African Collages and Scatole Personali c. 1952 is comprised of loans from the Robert Rauschenberg Foundation, The Sonnabend Collection and a private collage. Find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks for sale, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Imagery for this series was derived from the artist’s photographs taken in and around Fort Myers, Florida, which he later projected as stage décor for a performance of the same name by the Trisha Brown Dance Company. Featured images: Jean Tinguely, image via metamekanix; Jean Tinguely - The Final Collaboration with Yves Klein, 1988, image via kunsthal.nl. Matson Jones (Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns), Untitled, circa 1955 Courtesy Christie’s. Robert Rauschenberg is similar to these artists: Jasper Johns, James Rosenquist, George Segal (artist) and more. Robert Rauschenberg became the first American artist and the youngest ever to be awarded the Golden Lion, the top prize at the Venice Biennale. Rauschenberg described Albers as influencing him to do "exactly the reverse" of what he was being taught. He became the recipient of the Leonardo da Vinci World Award of Arts in 1995 in recognition of his more than 40 years of fruitful artmaking. Robert Rauschenberg kept only one major example of his earliest, most influential body of work, the Combine paintings he made between 1954 and … 326 Lawrence Alloway (Editor), Art International, Zurich, Jan 1963, 21 (illus.). Robert Rauschenberg's early works relied on Pop Art Robert Rauschenberg - Monogram, 1955-59 1964 Venice Biennale and A Modern Inferno. Among the most controversial works is the 1934 Back Seat Dodge ‘38, which caused an entire exhibition to close because it depicted two youths copulating on the back seat of a car. Coined by the artist himself, Combine refers to an artwork that combines painting, sculpture, and assemblage. One of the key Neo-Dada movement artists, his experimental approach expanded the traditional boundaries of art, opening up … During the 1950s, she also created large-scale wooden sculptures in white and gold, accompanied by smaller pieces in wooden boxes, spanning the movements like Abstract Expressionism, Surrealism and Cubism. Featured images: Marcel Duchamp, image via jakeorr.co.uk; Marcel Duchamp - Bicycle Wheel, 1913, image via imageobjecttext.com. Her early works were typically made of found objects arranged within boxes and windows, addressing her mixed ancestry and making a general statement at the same time. Robert Rauschenberg (born Milton Ernst Rauschenberg; October 22, 1925 – May 12, 2008) was an American artist who came to prominence in the 1950s transition from Abstract Expressionism to Pop Art.12 Rauschenberg is perhaps most famous for his "Combines" of the 1950s, in which non-traditional materials and objects were employed in innovative combinations. These works were both influenced by surrealism and a harbinger of Pop Art and, as such, form an … He died of heart failure after a personal decision to go off life support. Rauschenberg credits his success as a printmaker with his dyslexia. De kunstwerken die op deze wijze ontstaan, noemt men assemblages. By Paul Watson — December 27, 2003 Within his artwork Rauschenberg used subject matter drawn from the popular culture, history, and mass media of the United States. Robert Rauschenberg, Post Mural (Copperhead), 1989 acrylic on copper with bronze frame 36.75 in x 48.75 in His greatest contribution to Assemblage art are the Combines, a series of works created between 1954 and 1962 that blur the line between art and life. Jan 16, 2016 - From Robert Rauschenberg Foundation, Robert Rauschenberg, Shades (1964), Six lithographs printed on Plexiglas panels, five interchangeable, mounted in slot… Picasso continued to use assemblage intermittently throughout his career. Robert Rauschenberg's early works relied on Pop Art Robert Rauschenberg - Monogram, 1955-59 1964 Venice Biennale and A Modern Inferno. His urinal and bicycle wheel were radical, to the point where they changed the way we understand art-making, art display, and art in general. He was drafted into the United States Navy in 1943. See more ideas about Robert rauschenberg, Original art prints, Art. Robert Rauschenberg’s enthusiasm for popular culture and, with his contemporary Jasper Johns, his rejection of the angst and seriousness of the Abstract Expressionists led him to search for a new way of painting. Featured images: Isa Genzken, image via hoolawhoop.blogspot.com; Isa Genzken - Schauspieler 2014, image via danjumacollection.com. Rauschenberg is well known for his Combines (1954–1964), a group of artworks which incorporated everyday objects as art materials and which blurred the distinctions between painting and sculpture. Mixing folk art aesthetic with symbolic, surreal imagery, Betye Saar fight prejudice, racism and stereotypes through her distinct collages and assemblages that reference the African tribal mysticism, history, memory and nostalgia. (39.4 x 37.8 x 5.1 cm.) Standing against anything that is expressed abstractly, Robert Rauschenberg was a prolific innovator of mediums and techniques who used unconventional materials like trash and objects picked up from the streets of New York City, in order to turn them into art. Featured images: Arman, image via gettyimages.de; Arman - Poubelle van Jim Dine, 1961, image via rudedo.be. In 1962, under the influence of Andy Warhol, he began to experiment with a new type of artistic technique which became the basis of his work during the following years: silkscreen printmaking. The work is one of the hugely innovative 20 th century American artist’s best known, and one of the finest examples of his ‘Combines’, Rauschenberg’s own hybrid of painting, sculpture and assemblage. Ver más ideas sobre Artistas, Robert rauschenberg, Disenos de unas. This was a radical blending of materials and methods in the 1950s and 60s and expanded the traditional boundaries of art. The two separated in June 1952 and divorced in 1953. Robert Rauschenberg Art:21 ¦ Elegy for Robert Rauschenberg Robert Rauschenberg: Man At Work De Amerikaanse schilder en objectkunstenaar Robert Rauschenberg werd 22 oktober 1925 geboren te Port Arthur in Texas. The man with two souls Robert Rauschenberg • 1950 Susan–Central Park N.Y.C. Milton Ernest "Robert" Rauschenberg (October 22, 1925 – May 12, 2008) was an American painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the Pop art movement. According to a 1987 oral history by the composer Morton Feldman, after the end of his marriage, Rauschenberg had romantic relationships with fellow artists Cy Twombly and Jasper Johns. The full text of the article is here →, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rauschenberg, Robert Rauschenberg, American Artist - Photo by Irving Penn, National Academy Museum and School (National Academy of Design), New York City, NY, US, Black Mountain College, Black Mountain, NC, US, Art Students League of New York, New York City, NY, US, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Rauschenberg. The very first such work was the infamous Bicycle Wheel - an actual bicycle wheel put on a stool upside down and proclaimed art just because he said so. One of Rauschenberg's first "combines," Bed transcends the line between painting and sculpture through its Dadaist assemblage of traditional materials and the detritus of everyday life. His works mostly belong to the Dada movement, although he is also considered one of the founders of Kinetic art, as well as Nouveau réalisme. In the wake of the invention of collage by Braque and Picasso, as well as that of Dadaist assemblage, Rauschenberg reinvented these practices, giving them new impact in his Combines. Josef Albers, a founder of the Bauhaus, became Rauschenberg's painting instructor at Black Mountain. We provide art lovers and art collectors with one of the best places on the planet to discover modern and contemporary art. Rauschenberg lived and worked in New York City as well as on Captiva Island, Florida until his death from heart failure on May 12, 2008. His biography reflects a zest similar to his brilliant body of work. Robert Rauschenberg (American, 1925-2008) is rightly famous for his freestanding and wall-hung "combine" (mixed-media) pieces created between 1954 and 1964. Monochromatic and usually black, these room-sized pieces are formed from discarded pieces of wood the artist would receive or find. Printmaking was the perfect medium for the artist, who was fascinated with incorporating everyday materials into his art, including family photographs, street litter, magazine cut-outs, receipts, his personal medical x-rays, and even … A Brief History of Assemblage Art. During his early career he devised new techniques of three-dimensional collage and assemblage. Based in California, he served as a mental hospital technician until his discharge in 1945. Robert Rauschenberg was a prominent member of the American Post-War avant-garde. In 1954, the young painter Robert Rauschenberg pushed past modernist minimalism in a ten year quest to merge two-dimensional and three-dimensional art. Milton Ernest "Robert" Rauschenberg (October 22, 1925 – May 12, 2008) was an American painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the Pop art movement. Robert Rauschenberg radicalized modernism as we know it today. Preview, an editioned assemblage of printed imagery and collaged paper bags on silk, epitomizes his provocative imagination and extends the definition of printmaking far beyond the traditional handheld artwork on paper. An essay on Rauschenberg and background material are in Calvin Tomkins, The Bride and the Bachelors: The Heretical Courtship in … Artist Harry Dodge, USC Professor of Art History Megan R. Luke and MOCA Chief Curator Helen Molesworth discuss Robert Rauschenberg’s Combines. in 1966, with the aim of encouraging the collaboration between the scientists and artists. “I already see things backwards!” he says. Rauschenberg's approach was sometimes called "Neo Dadaist," a label he shared with the painter Jasper Johns. Hij stierf 12 mei 2008 te Captiva Island, Florida. This approach, first explored by Rauschenberg in the early 1950s, proved prescient and has become increasingly relevant in the current age of cascading information, when even the most ground-breaking artists are referencing and sampling disparate elements to create new forms. We aim at providing better value for money than most. Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008) Untitled combine painting: oil, printed paper and fabric collage with dried grass on wood box 15½ x 14 7/8 x 2 in. Milton Ernest "Robert" Rauschenberg (October 22, 1925 – May 12, 2008) was an American painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the pop art movement. Most iconic among his works are his box constructions—microcosmic curiosity cabinets—filled with once-precious fragments that he collected in thrift shops in his native New York. This is a part of the Wikipedia article used under the Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). Het gaat hier in het algemeen om beeldhouwkunst, vaak met raakvlakken aan schilderkunst (in de zin van een object aan de muur) en met collage (in de zin van het gebruik van … Rauschenberg is well known for his "Combines" of the 1950s, in which non-traditional materials and objects were employed in innovative combinations. Always interested in new technologies, Rauschenberg co-founded Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.) An avid fan of poetry, ballet and Roman literature of the 19th century, Joseph Cornell often incorporated traces of them in his work, fused with the fascination for the discarded and the abandoned. Bovendien paste hij zeefdruk toe om fotobeelden aan zijn werk toe te voegen. Artist Harry Dodge, USC Professor of Art History Megan R. Luke and MOCA Chief Curator Helen Molesworth discuss Robert Rauschenberg’s Combines. Accident. Rauschenberg was born as Milton Ernest Rauschenberg in Port Arthur, Texas, the son of Dora Carolina (née Matson) and Ernest R. Rauschenberg. Feb 17, 2016 - Vintage Posters and Original Art Prints of the work of Robert Rauschenberg, always for sale at artwiseonline.com. 01-mar-2017 - Explora el tablero "assemblage" de Ingrid García Alatorre, que 138 personas siguen en Pinterest. Many of his works were also based on appropriated imagery and text but without an apparent context or activism tendencies. Robert Rauschenberg Assemblages Wall Sculptures Illusions Abstract Wood Painting Inspiration Art Floating Illusionary Souls: Meaning the creation produces an illusion. Born Armand Pierre Fernandez, Arman was famous for his artworks made of accumulation and scatter, among which we have the “poubelles”, or “trash bins”. Poetic and lush, Robert Rauschenberg's Combines present layers of complex and sometimes conflicting information. In 1954, the young painter Robert Rauschenberg pushed past modernist minimalism in a ten year quest to merge two-dimensional and three-dimensional art. Born: October 22, 1925; Died: May 12, 2008; Nationality: American; Art Movement: Neo-Dada; Painting School: New York School; Field: assemblage; Influenced on: Andy Warhol, Gerhard Richter, Wolfgang Tillmans, Edward Ruscha Rauschenberg is well known for his Combines (1954–1964), a group of artworks which incorporated everyday objects as art materials and which blurred the distinctions between painting and sculpture. Bekijk meer ideeën over Assemblagekunst, Robert rauschenberg… In fact, assemblage art is often described as collage taken one step further - although it is sometimes hard to tell the difference between a richly composed collage and an assemblage that is modest in quantity of its elements. Exploring the tension between transience and permanence, the German artist addresses the issues and events of the modern-day society and its members. assemblage, wood and paint, 69x23x9cm more info and mail www.meurtant.exto.org. All images used for illustrative purposes only. Robert Rauschenberg. In the 1950s, Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg collaborated on a series of commercial art projects, including window displays for New York department stores and designs for publications and corporate clients. Robert Rauschenberg (1925-2008): Biography of Neo-Dadaist, Pop-Artist Noted for Collage, Painting Combines and Assemblage Art Rauschenberg is survived by his partner of 25 years, artist Darryl Pottorf, his former assistant. Robert Rauschenberg (1925 - 2008) was active/lived in New York, Florida. An intaglio print by renowned Assemblage artist Robert Rauschenberg, titled Etching IV from the artist’s Glacial Decoy series. An early example is his Still Life 1914 which is made from scraps of wood and a length of tablecloth fringing, glued together and painted. Milton Ernest "Robert" Rauschenberg (October 22, 1925 – May 12, 2008) was an American painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the pop art movement. His other works incorporate doors, bed quilts and electric light fixtures, among other things, often changing their order or appearance within the artwork itself. Rauschenberg knew little about art until he visited an art museum during World War II while serving in the U.S. Navy. Robert Rauschenberg is widely regarded as a predecessor of the Pop artists, because of his incorporation of the stuff of everyday life—including anything that caught his imagination, from rubber tires to light bulbs—into his wide-ranging work.In many of his works, like Bed, he merged elements of postwar abstract painting with found objects.. May 20, 2017 - Explore Ed Derwent's board "Robert Rauschenberg, Artist", followed by 607 people on Pinterest. Robert Rauschenberg veranderde de collage in een reeks combinatieschilderijen, die de grenzen tussen schilderkunst, beeldhouwkunst, collage en assemblage aanzienlijk vervaagde. Monogram pushed the art world's buttons. An article by Jonathan D. Katz states that Rauschenberg's affair with Twombly began during his marriage to Susan Weil. At 16, Rauschenberg was admitted to the University of Texas where he began studying pharmacy. Midway through the 1950s, Rauschenberg began to produce his Combines — a mixture of painting, assemblage and collage — from found photographs and objects, usually consumer society trash. His father, Ernest, was a strict and serious man who worked for the Gulf State Utilities power company. 17-apr-2013 - Bekijk het bord 'Assemblage' van M.Spruijt (art teacher), dat wordt gevolgd door 551 personen op Pinterest. Robert Rauschenberg is known for Assemblage, non objective painting, set design. One of his most notable works is the art installation entitled Hon-en-Katedrall at the Moderna Museet in Stockholm, created together with his wife, fellow artist Niki de Saint Phalle in 1966. Jean Tinguely was a Swiss painter and sculptor. As a member of several movements, such as Dada, Constructivism and Surrealism, and a quite versatile artist who produced poetry, sound, paintings, sculptures, graphic design, and typography works as well as installations, Kurt Schwitters was a prominent member of the art scene in Germany and Europe. He began by fixing found objects to his hanging canvases, which he called 'combines' — culminating in the tongue—in-cheek assemblage Bed. Rauschenberg was an innovator, known for his works combining painting and sculpture called combines. Robert Rauschenberg Mar 25–May 17, 1977 Objects of Desire: The Modern Still Life May 25–Aug 26, 1997 Ileana Sonnabend: Ambassador for the New Dec 21, 2013–Apr 21, 2014 1 other work identified Topic. What makes Rauschenberg so significant for this period—the postwar years—is how he challenged conventional ways of thinking about advanced modern art; especially the art of “The New York School,” a group of émigré Europeans and like-minded Americ… Albers' preliminary courses relied on strict discipline that did not allow for any "uninfluenced experimentation". In this intimately scaled, canvas-based assemblage, Rauschenberg lushly combines a faded, sealed envelope, a page of ledger paper perforated with binder holes, two threadbare, overlapping swatches … Arguably the most prominent out of all assemblage artists, Joseph Cornell left an incredible legacy for the future masters of the technique. Rauschenberg gebruikte allerlei voorwerpen als radio's, stekkerdozen, klokken en vogels. But Marcel Duchamp’s motto, Craftsmanship over aesthetics, was widely accepted as the basis for many movements to follow, including Fluxus, Arte Povera, Neo-Dada. Robert Rauschenberg produced some of the most distinctive American art of the second half of the 20th Century. Considered by many to be one of the most influential American artists due to his radical blending of materials and methods, Robert Rauschenberg was a crucial figure in the transition from Abstract Expressionism to later modern movements. Ten years after his death, in Captiva, Florida, in May 2008, Rauschenberg continues to exert an influence on younger artists that is impossible to overstate. Rauschenberg is also survived by his son, photographer Christopher Rauschenberg, and his sister, Janet Begneaud. His parents were Fundamentalist Christians. At the same time, Johns' paintings of numerals, flags, and the like, were reprising Duchamp's message of the role of the observer in creating art's meaning. Featured images: Edward Kienholz, image via Rolling Stone; Edward Kienholz - Back Seat Dodge '38, 1934, image via flickr. cat.no. The illusion does, what illusions tend to do: to deviate. Unfortunately, since it was never submitted for any art exhibition, the piece was eventually lost. © 2013-2020 Widewalls | He was also influenced by Surrealism and the concept of irrational juxtaposition, both in meaning and physical order of elements within his artworks. Robert Rauschenberg, American painter and graphic artist whose early works anticipated the Pop art movement. Ten years after his death, in Captiva, Florida, in May 2008, Rauschenberg continues to exert an influence on younger artists that is … Canyonbelongs to a group of artworks called “Combines,” a term unique to this artist who attached extraneous materials and objects to canvases in the years between 1954 and 1965. The technique of assemblage found many practitioners across several significant avant-garde movements of the 20th century, such as Cubism, through the aforementioned Picasso constructions, Dadaism, through Kurt Schwitters’ “merz”, Surrealism in the three-dimensional works of Man Ray, and of course Neo-Dada and Arte Povera win the 1950s and 60s, the period of its peek, with the groundbreaking pieces by Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg. as-sem-blage Pronunciation: -'sem-blij, for 3 also \"a-\"säm-'bläzhFunction: nounDate: 1690 1. a 27, Spring 2007, p. 105). Their only child, Christopher, was born July 16, 1951. Robert Rauschenberg. A hallmark Combine by Robert Rauschenberg, the 1957 Untitled is gorgeously “patchwork and palimpsest” (G. Bader, “Rauschenberg’s Skin,” Grey Room no. His early paintings were rough-hewn wooden reliefs that he painted with a broom, and later his art evolved into proper assemblages made of, you’ll guess, objects found on the streets, but this time of Los Angeles, where he lived and worked. The use of assemblage as an approach to making art goes back to Pablo Picasso’s cubist constructions, the three dimensional works he began to make from 1912. Arman had a very good relationship with Andy Warhol, for instance, having appeared in his Dinner at Daley’s documentary, while the Pop icon owned two of his “Poubelles”, that were sold in an auction in 1988. Featured images: Kurt Schwitters, image via indexgrafik.fr; Kurt Schwitters - Broad Schmurchel (Breite Schmurchel), 1924. Het bestaat uit een opgezette Angorageit -staand op een plat liggende collage van foto’s, kranten en schilderwerk op wielen- waarvan de kop beschilderd is en de buik door een … While the Combines are both … Art critic Brian Sewell described Edward Kienholz as ”the least known, most neglected and forgotten American artist of Jack Kerouac's Beat Generation of the 1950s”, and called his art grim, gritty, sordid and depressing.” What it really was is a critique on modern society, including issues of race and sexuality. His assemblage art often included music recordings and performances, for which many of his giant sculptures were designed to self-destruct. Is it a painting or a sculpture? Possibly the most famous artwork from this portfolio is Monogram, which is made of clothing, a tyre, other urban debris, paint and even stuffed animals - in this case an angora goat. Among the greatest assemblage artists we have Louise Nevelson, whose monumental wooden works are among the most famous works ever produced with this technique. He began by fixing found objects to his hanging canvases, which he called 'combines' — culminating in the tongue—in-cheek assemblage Bed. Robert Rauschenberg. Robert Rauschenberg’s "Bed" (1950) was one of his first “combines,” ordinary objects given new significance by placing them in the context of art. In 1961, assemblage creators were put in the spotlight at the Museum of Modern Art and The Art of Assemblage exhibit curated by William C. Seitz. Born 22 October, 1925 Port Arthur, Texas Died 12 May, 2008 Captiva, Florida. Featured images: Betye Saar, image via latimes.com; Betye Saar - The Liberation of Aunt Jemima, 1972, image via laweekly.com. Always interested in new technologies, Rauschenberg co-founded Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.) Summary of Robert Rauschenberg. Robert Rauschenberg was a prominent member of the American Post-War avant-garde.The artist’s sculpture-painting hybrids, known as Combines, broke through the two dimensionality of the canvas at a time when Abstract Expressionism dominated the scene.His seminal Neo-Dada work, Erased de Kooning (1953), consisted of ritualistically wiping out an original drawing he purchased from the famed painter. The most extensive monograph on Rauschenberg is Andrew Forge, Rauschenberg (1969), which offers a comprehensive collection of illustrations, 47 of them in color, biographical material, and a brief autobiography. The technique of assemblage found many practitioners across several significant avant-garde movements of the 20th century, such as Cubism, through the aforementioned Picasso constructions, Dadaism, through Kurt Schwitters’ “merz”, Surrealism in the three-dimensional works of Man Ray, and of course Neo-Dada and Arte Povera win the 1950s and 60s, the period of its peek, …

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